ABOUT THIS COLLECTION

CALENDAR

GALLERY

LISTING OF ARTWORK

“God is dead…And we have killed him.”

—Nietzsche, The Gay Science, 1882

 

 

“Could it be possible? This old saint in the forest has not yet heard anything of this, that God is dead!”

 —Nietzsche, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, 1891

 

 

In the first decades of the twentieth century, the writings of the atheistic philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche were a powerful inspiration for the artistic and literary avant-garde communities in Berlin, Dresden, and Munich. His exuberant affirmation of the “vital forces” of life, anti-authoritarian iconoclasm, and withering condemnation of Christianity inspired artists and writers in their search for a new future that would liberate humanity from the suffocating aesthetic, cultural, political, and religious conventions derived from the Judeo-Christian tradition.

 

Yet, why does biblical imagery saturate Expressionist literature and the visual arts? Was God Dead? Biblical Imagination in German Expressionist Prints explores this question through a broad survey of nearly fifty works from such important artists as Max Beckmann, Lovis Corinth, Kathë Kollwitz, Otto Dix, Christian Rohlfs, Schmidt-Rottloff, Vassily Kandinsky, and Edvard Munch, among many other important representatives of Expressionism, including key members of the influential avant-garde movements Die Brücke and Der Blaue Reiter.

 

Was God Dead? demonstrates the important role that Biblical imagery played in the German Expressionists’ subject matter, which deepened the impact of their innovations in medium and form.

 

The exhibition shows the importance of printmaking for the German Expressionists, a medium that had fallen out of favor in advanced artistic circles by the end of the nineteenth century. But, as Ernst Kirchner exclaimed, “There is no better place to get to know an artist than in his graphic work.” Not only was it an intimate and powerful aesthetic medium, printmaking also connected the artists to a distinguished tradition in German art, evidenced by the work of Lucas Cranach, Martin Schongauer, and most importantly, Albrecht Dürer (included in the exhibition). The legacy of the medium was not merely an artistic one, but had revolutionary resonances with the Protestant Reformation, which Luther and Cranach waged through the printing press.

 

Was God dead? also shows the formal and stylistic impact of native German folk traditions as well as African tribal artifacts (included in the exhibition). The German Expressionists’ interest in appropriating a so-called “primitive” aesthetic was a means to tap into what they hoped was a deeper well of spirituality, feeling, and creative freedom than offered by traditional European aesthetics and culture as preserved by the official art of the academies.

 

Was God Dead? reveals the continued potential of the Judeo-Christian tradition to influence generations of modern and avant-garde artists. The Bible gave form and expression to the intensity of modern experience, even an experience that, with the catastrophe of the First World War, transformed euphoric optimism into humanity’s potential into the darkest nihilistic despair. These prints show that for the German Expressionists, God was very much alive.

 

This show contains:

  • Over 50 prints, exact number to be determined
  • Digital files for each print
  • Digital file for the printing of a handout
  • Text for labels and didactic panels
  • Packing and shipping instructions
  • Insurance in transit
  • One free catalog for display
  • Availability of show catalog for sale

 

This show rents for $1000 for four weeks. With the rental of two months, the third is offered at no charge.

Available starting on March 24, 2021

 

February 15 to March 12, 2021

University of Mary Hardin-Baylor

College of Visual and Performing Arts

900 College Street

Belton, TX 76513

Contact: Hershall Seals, hseals@umhb.edu

 

August 1 to December 31, 2020

Gordon Conwell Seminary

 14542 Chaoate Circle,

 Charlotte, NC 28273

Contact: Michelle Littlejohn, dlittlejohn@gordonconwell.com

704 527 9909

 

March 16 – April 14, 2020

First Presbyterian Church

300 West Wayne Street Fort Wayne IN  46802          260-426-7421   Fax. 260-422-5111

Contact: Sarah Savage            savage2426@gmail.com

260-482-5112

 

January 6 to March 6, 2020

Gordon College, 255

Grapevine Rd, Wenham, MA

Contact: Bruce Herman  Bruce.Herman@gordon.edu

(978) 867-4414

 

October 5 to December 20, 2019

Messiah College, Aughinbaugh Gallery

One College Avenue

Mechanicsburg, PA 17055

Contact: Brenton Good,       bgood@messiah.edu

(717) 571-4039

 

August 20 to September, 25 2019

University of Rio Grande

218 N. College Ave

Rio Grande OH 45674

(740) 245-7372 Office

Contact: Benjy Davies, bdavies@rio.edu

 

March 10 to May 10, 2019

Wilshire Baptist Church

4316 Abrams Rd,

Dallas, TX 75214

Contact: Mark Wingfield, Associate Pastor (214) 452-3128

mwingfield@wilshirebc.org

 

January 7 to February 23, 2019

Center Art Gallery | Calvin College

1795 Knollcrest Circle | Grand Rapids, MI 49456

Contact: Brent Williams

Bsw6@calvin.edue | 616-526-6947

This collection is divided into several categories or themes.

  • Death (5)

    13. Totentanz (Dance of Death)

    Ernst Barlach (1870-1938) Germany

    Lithograph

    1916

     

    14. Mors Imperator (Emperor Death)

    Ernst Barlach (1870-1938) Germany

    Woodblock print 30/100, signed

    1919

     

    15. Tod un Frau um das Kind ringend (Death and Woman Struggling over Child)

    Kathë Kollwitz  (1867 – 1945) Germany

    Etching, soft ground etching, and aquatint, with drypoint, on cream wove paper

    1911

     

    16. Inspiration

    Kathë Kollwitz  (1867 – 1945) Germany

    Etching, soft ground etching, and aquatint, with drypoint, on cream wove paper

    1907

     

    17. Aus dem Camposanto/From the Holy Field

    Richard Seewald  (1889 – 1976) Germany

    Woodcut

    1922

  • Life of Christ (10)

    18. Visitation (Mary and Elizabeth)

    Kathë Kollwitz  (1867 – 1945) Germany

    Woodcut

    1928

     

    19. Der Säugling (Infant)

    Max Pechstein  (1881 – 1955) Germany

    Woodcut

    1918

     

    20. Die Heilligen drei Könige/The Three Kings

    Christian Rohlfs  (1849 - 1938) Germany

    Woodcut

    1910

     

    21. Rast auf der Flucht nach Ägypten (Rest on Flight to Egypt),

    Oskar Kokoschka  (1886 – 1980 Austria

    Lithograph from the Series Die Passion

    1916

     

    22. Taufe Christi (Baptism of Christ)

    Karl Caspar  (1870 – 1956) Germany

    Lithograph

    1917

     

    23. Petri Fischzug (Great Catch of Fishes)

    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff  (1884 – 1976) Germany

    Original Woodcut

    1918

     

    24. Christus unter den Frauen (Christ among the Women)

    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff  (1884 – 1976) Germany

    Woodcut, signed and numbered

    1919

     

    25. Rückkehr des verlorenen Sohnes (Return of the Prodigal Son)

    Christian Rohlfs  (1849 - 1938) Germany

    Woodcut

    1916

     

    26. Der Hirte (The Shepherd)

    Richard Seewald (1889 – 1976) Germany

    Woodcut

    1919

     

    27. Man by a Well

    Max Kaus  (1891 – 1977) Germany

    Lithograph

    1918

  • Passion of Christ (12)

    28. Das Abendmahl (The Last Supper)
    Oskar Kokoschka  (1886 – 1980) Austria
    Lithograph from the Series Die Passion   
    1916

    29. Christus am Ölberg (Jesus on the Mount of Olives)

    Oskar Kokoschka  (1886 – 1980) Austria

    Lithograph from the Series Die Passion

    1916

     

    30.  Gethsemane

    Otto Dix (1891 – 1969) Austria

    Lithograph from Matthäus Evangelium

    1960

     

    31. Der Judakuss (The Kiss of Judas)

    Oskar Kokoschka  (1886 – 1980 Austria

    Lithograh from the Series Die Passion

    1916

     

    32. Christus und Pilatus (Christ Before Pilate)

    Max Beckmann  (1894 – 1950) Germany

    Lithograph from Day and Dream

    1946

     

    33.  Christ Carrying the Cross

    Otto Dix (1891-1969) Germany

    Lithograph

    1960

     

    34. Christus am Kreuz (Christ on the Cross)

    Oskar Kokoschka  (1886 – 1980) Austria

    Lithograph

    1916

     

    35. Kreuztraung (Crucifixion)

    Lovis Corinth  (1858 – 1925) Germany

    Woodcut

    1919

     

    36. Kreuzingung (Crucifixion)

    Lovis Corinth  (1858 – 1925) Germany

    Drypoint

    1921/22

     

    37. Crucifixion

    Franz Masereel  (1889 – 1972) Belgium

    Woodcut

    1924

     

    38. Beweinung Christi/Pietà (Winching Christ/Pietà)

    Lovis Corinth  (1858 – 1925) Germany

    Etching and drypoint

    1920

     

    39. Auferstehung (The Resurrection)

    Oskar Kokoschka  (1886 – 1980 Austria

    Lithograph from Die Passion, signed

    1916

  • Old Testament (12)

    40. Die Felsen (The Rocks)

    Ernst Barlach (1870-1938) Germany

    Woodcut from Transformations of God

    1920

     

    41. Die Vertreibung aus dem Paradies (Expulsion from Paradise)

    Lovis Corinth  (1858 – 1925) Germany

    Lithograph

    1920/21

     

    42. Austreibung aus dem Paradies (Expulsion from Paradise)

    Christian Rohlfs  (1849 - 1938) Germany

    Woodcut with hand-colored paint applied

    1919

     

    43.  Kain (Cain)

    Lovis Corinth  (1858 – 1925) Germany

    1915

    Lithograph

     

    44. Wanderer

    Edvard Munch  (1863 – 1944) Norway

    Woodcut

    1957

     

    45. Sacrificial Lamb

    Otto Dix  (1891 – 1969) Germany

    Lithograph

    1960

     

    46. Abraham and Isaak

    Otto Dix  (1891 – 1969) Germany

    Lithograph

    1960

     

    47. Jacob ringt mit dem Engel (Jacob with the Angel)

    Max Beckmann  (1894 – 1950) Germany

    Etching

    1920

     

    48. Beratung (Advice)

    Christian Rohlfs  (1849 - 1938) Germany

    Woodcut

    1913

     

    49. Jeremias (Jeremiah)

    Alfred Kubin (1877 – 1959) Austria

    Lithograph

    1921

     

    50. Elias in der Wüste (Elijah in the Desert)

    Christian Rohlfs  (1849 - 1938) Germany

    Woodcut

    1912

     

    51. Absaloms Tod (Absalom’s Death)

    Oskar Kokoschka  (1886 – 1980) Austria

    Lithograph, hand signed and numbered

    1966-9

  • Heads (8)

    5. Koph (Head of a Man)

    Max Kaus  (1891 – 1977) Germany

    Woodblock

    1920

     

    6. Maske

    Max Pechstein  (1881 – 1955) Germany

    Woodcut

    1918

     

    7. Koph (Head of Christ)

    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff  (1884 – 1976) Germany

    Woodcut

    1918

     

    8. Judas

    Max Pechstein  (1881 – 1955) Germany

    Woodcut

    1919

     

    9. The Little Prophetess

    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff  (1884 – 1976) Germany

    Woodcut

    1919

     

    10. Christus

    Otto Dix  (1891 – 1969) Germany

    Lithograph

    1957

     

    11. How Josua Grübler found his way

    Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880 – 1938) Germany

    Woodcut from Neben der Heerstrasse

    1923

     

    12.  Nachbarsleute (Neighbors)

    Emil Nolde (1867 – 1956) Denmark-Germany

    Woodcut

    1925

  • Apocalypse (5)

    52. Kölner Engel (Cologne Angel)

    Gerhard Marcks  (1889 – 1981) Germany

    Woodcut

    1946

     

    53. Jüngstes Gericht (Last Judgement)
    Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944) Russia/Germany
    Woodcut
    1911

    54. Freude, schöner Götterfunken (Ode to Joy)

    Ernst Barlach (1870-1938) Germany

    Woodcut

    1927

     

    55. Erst Sieg, dann Frieden (First Victory, then Peace)

    Ernst Barlach (1870-1938) Germany

    Lithograph

    1914

     

    56. Johannes auf Patmos (St. John on Patmos)

    Karl Caspar (1879 - 1956) Germany

    Lithograph, pulished in first book of Genesis

    1919

     

  • Books (5)

    57. Neben der Heerstrasse

    Max Kaus  (1891 – 1977) Germany

    Book with 23 woodcuts by Kaus

    1923

     

    58. Oscar Kokoschka

    Oskar Kokoschka  (1886 – 1980)

    (Book with 2 lithographs)

    Girl with Flute

    Nude

     

    59. Der ewige Jude (The Eternal Jew)

    Franz Masereel  (1889 – 1972) Belgium

    Book with original woodcuts

    1923

     

    60. Matthäus Evangelium Book

    Otto Dix  (1891 – 1969) Germany

    1960

    Book with 33 lithographs

     

    61. Die Wandlungen Gotts (Transformations of God)

    Ernst Barlach (1870-1938) Germany

    Seven Woodcuts

    1922

  • Historic Connections (4)

    1. Resurrection

    Albrecht Dürer, Germany

    Woodcut

    1510

     

    2.  Supper at Emmaus

    Unknown Germany

    Woodcut

    C 1550

     

    3.  Mask

    Unknown creator,
    Democratic Republic of Congo

    Carved wood with pigment

    Mid-20th century

     

    4.  Dual Figure Mask

    Unknown creator, Ivory Coast

    Carved wood

    20th century

     

     

     

1. Resurrection

Albrecht Dürer, Germany

Woodcut

1510

 

2.  Supper at Emmaus

Unknown Germany

Woodcut

C 1550

 

3.  Mask

Unknown creator,
Democratic Republic of Congo

Carved wood with pigment

Mid-20th century

 

4.  Dual Figure Mask

Unknown creator, Ivory Coast

Carved wood

20th century

 

 

 

  • Heads

    5. Koph (Head of a Man)

    Max Kaus  (1891 – 1977) Germany

    Woodblock

    1920

     

    6. Maske

    Max Pechstein  (1881 – 1955) Germany

    Woodcut

    1918

     

    7. Koph (Head of Christ)

    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff  (1884 – 1976) Germany

    Woodcut

    1918

     

    8. Judas

    Max Pechstein  (1881 – 1955) Germany

    Woodcut

    1919

     

    9. The Little Prophetess

    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff  (1884 – 1976) Germany

    Woodcut

    1919

     

    10. Christus

    Otto Dix  (1891 – 1969) Germany

    Lithograph

    1957

     

    11. How Josua Grübler found his way

    Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880 – 1938) Germany

    Woodcut from Neben der Heerstrasse

    1923

     

    12.  Nachbarsleute (Neighbors)

    Emil Nolde (1867 – 1956) Denmark-Germany

    Woodcut

    1925

  • Death

    13. Totentanz (Dance of Death)

    Ernst Barlach (1870-1938) Germany

    Lithograph

    1916

     

    14. Mors Imperator (Emperor Death)

    Ernst Barlach (1870-1938) Germany

    Woodblock print 30/100, signed

    1919

     

    15. Tod un Frau um das Kind ringend (Death and Woman Struggling over Child)

    Kathë Kollwitz  (1867 – 1945) Germany

    Etching, soft ground etching, and aquatint, with drypoint, on cream wove paper

    1911

     

    16. Inspiration

    Kathë Kollwitz  (1867 – 1945) Germany

    Etching, soft ground etching, and aquatint, with drypoint, on cream wove paper

    1907

     

    17. Aus dem Camposanto/From the Holy Field

    Richard Seewald  (1889 – 1976) Germany

    Woodcut

    1922

  • Life of Christ

    18. Visitation (Mary and Elizabeth)

    Kathë Kollwitz  (1867 – 1945) Germany

    Woodcut

    1928

     

    19. Der Säugling (Infant)

    Max Pechstein  (1881 – 1955) Germany

    Woodcut

    1918

     

    20. Die Heilligen drei Könige/The Three Kings

    Christian Rohlfs  (1849 - 1938) Germany

    Woodcut

    1910

     

    21. Rast auf der Flucht nach Ägypten (Rest on Flight to Egypt),

    Oskar Kokoschka  (1886 – 1980 Austria

    Lithograph from the Series Die Passion

    1916

     

    22. Taufe Christi (Baptism of Christ)

    Karl Caspar  (1870 – 1956) Germany

    Lithograph

    1917

     

    23. Petri Fischzug (Great Catch of Fishes)

    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff  (1884 – 1976) Germany

    Original Woodcut

    1918

     

    24. Christus unter den Frauen (Christ among the Women)

    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff  (1884 – 1976) Germany

    Woodcut, signed and numbered

    1919

     

    25. Rückkehr des verlorenen Sohnes (Return of the Prodigal Son)

    Christian Rohlfs  (1849 - 1938) Germany

    Woodcut

    1916

     

    26. Der Hirte (The Shepherd)

    Richard Seewald (1889 – 1976) Germany

    Woodcut

    1919

     

    27. Man by a Well

    Max Kaus  (1891 – 1977) Germany

    Lithograph

    1918

  • Passion

    28. Das Abendmahl (The Last Supper)
    Oskar Kokoschka  (1886 – 1980) Austria
    Lithograph from the Series Die Passion   
    1916

    29. Christus am Ölberg (Jesus on the Mount of Olives)

    Oskar Kokoschka  (1886 – 1980) Austria

    Lithograph from the Series Die Passion

    1916

     

    30.  Gethsemane

    Otto Dix (1891 – 1969) Austria

    Lithograph from Matthäus Evangelium

    1960

     

    31. Der Judakuss (The Kiss of Judas)

    Oskar Kokoschka  (1886 – 1980 Austria

    Lithograh from the Series Die Passion

    1916

     

    32. Christus und Pilatus (Christ Before Pilate)

    Max Beckmann  (1894 – 1950) Germany

    Lithograph from Day and Dream

    1946

     

    33.  Christ Carrying the Cross

    Otto Dix (1891-1969) Germany

    Lithograph

    1960

     

    34. Christus am Kreuz (Christ on the Cross)

    Oskar Kokoschka  (1886 – 1980) Austria

    Lithograph

    1916

     

    35. Kreuztraung (Crucifixion)

    Lovis Corinth  (1858 – 1925) Germany

    Woodcut

    1919

     

    36. Kreuzingung (Crucifixion)

    Lovis Corinth  (1858 – 1925) Germany

    Drypoint

    1921/22

     

    37. Crucifixion

    Franz Masereel  (1889 – 1972) Belgium

    Woodcut

    1924

     

    38. Beweinung Christi/Pietà (Winching Christ/Pietà)

    Lovis Corinth  (1858 – 1925) Germany

    Etching and drypoint

    1920

     

    39. Auferstehung (The Resurrection)

    Oskar Kokoschka  (1886 – 1980 Austria

    Lithograph from Die Passion, signed

    1916

  • Old Testament

    40. Die Felsen (The Rocks)

    Ernst Barlach (1870-1938) Germany

    Woodcut from Transformations of God

    1920

     

    41. Die Vertreibung aus dem Paradies (Expulsion from Paradise)

    Lovis Corinth  (1858 – 1925) Germany

    Lithograph

    1920/21

     

    42. Austreibung aus dem Paradies (Expulsion from Paradise)

    Christian Rohlfs  (1849 - 1938) Germany

    Woodcut with hand-colored paint applied

    1919

     

    43.  Kain (Cain)

    Lovis Corinth  (1858 – 1925) Germany

    1915

    Lithograph

     

    44. Wanderer

    Edvard Munch  (1863 – 1944) Norway

    Woodcut

    1957

     

    45. Sacrificial Lamb

    Otto Dix  (1891 – 1969) Germany

    Lithograph

    1960

     

    46. Abraham and Isaak

    Otto Dix  (1891 – 1969) Germany

    Lithograph

    1960

     

    47. Jacob ringt mit dem Engel (Jacob with the Angel)

    Max Beckmann  (1894 – 1950) Germany

    Etching

    1920

     

    48. Beratung (Advice)

    Christian Rohlfs  (1849 - 1938) Germany

    Woodcut

    1913

     

    49. Jeremias (Jeremiah)

    Alfred Kubin (1877 – 1959) Austria

    Lithograph

    1921

     

    50. Elias in der Wüste (Elijah in the Desert)

    Christian Rohlfs  (1849 - 1938) Germany

    Woodcut

    1912

     

    51. Absaloms Tod (Absalom’s Death)

    Oskar Kokoschka  (1886 – 1980) Austria

    Lithograph, hand signed and numbered

    1966-9

  • Apocalypse

    52. Kölner Engel (Cologne Angel)

    Gerhard Marcks  (1889 – 1981) Germany

    Woodcut

    1946

     

    53. Jüngstes Gericht (Last Judgement)
    Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944) Russia/Germany
    Woodcut
    1911

    54. Freude, schöner Götterfunken (Ode to Joy)

    Ernst Barlach (1870-1938) Germany

    Woodcut

    1927

     

    55. Erst Sieg, dann Frieden (First Victory, then Peace)

    Ernst Barlach (1870-1938) Germany

    Lithograph

    1914

     

    56. Johannes auf Patmos (St. John on Patmos)

    Karl Caspar (1879 - 1956) Germany

    Lithograph, pulished in first book of Genesis

    1919

     

     

  • Books

    57. Neben der Heerstrasse

    Max Kaus  (1891 – 1977) Germany

    Book with 23 woodcuts by Kaus

    1923

     

    58. Oscar Kokoschka

    Oskar Kokoschka  (1886 – 1980)

    (Book with 2 lithographs)

    Girl with Flute

    Nude

     

    59. Der ewige Jude (The Eternal Jew)

    Franz Masereel  (1889 – 1972) Belgium

    Book with original woodcuts

    1923

     

    60. Matthäus Evangelium Book

    Otto Dix  (1891 – 1969) Germany

    1960

    Book with 33 lithographs

     

    61. Die Wandlungen Gotts (Transformations of God)

    Ernst Barlach (1870-1938) Germany

    Seven Woodcuts

    1922

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